State power and protected areas: Dynamics and contradictions of forest conservation in Madhya Pradesh, India

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Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
State power and protected areas: Dynamics and contradictions of forest conservation in Madhya Pradesh, India
Journal
Political Geography
Author(s)
Véron René, Fehr Garry
ISSN
0962-6298 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
30
Number
5
Pages
282-293
Language
english
Abstract
The traditionally coercive and state-controlled governance of protected areas for nature conservation in developing countries has in many cases undergone change in the context of widespread decentralization and liberalization. This article examines an emerging "mixed" (coercive, community- and market-oriented) conservation approach in managed-resource protected areas and its effects on state power through a case study on forest protection in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The findings suggest that imperfect decentralization and partial liberalization resulted in changed forms, rather than uniform loss, of state power. A forest co-management program paradoxically strengthened local capacity and influence of the Forest Department, which generally maintained its territorial and knowledge-based control over forests and timber management. Furthermore, deregulation and reregulation enabled the state to withdraw from uneconomic activities but also implied reduced place-based control of non-timber forest products. Generally, the new policies and programs contributed to the separation of livelihoods and forests in Madhya Pradesh. The article concludes that regulatory, community- and market-based initiatives would need to be better coordinated to lead to more effective nature conservation and positive livelihood outcomes.
Keywords
Nature conservation, Decentralization, Liberalization, Territoriality, Political ecology, India
Create date
30/06/2011 20:11
Last modification date
03/04/2020 5:19
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