Roles of Noncoding RNAs in Islet Biology.

Details

Ressource 1Download: Comprehensive physiology author version CG.pdf (1470.79 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7E2628099A04
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Roles of Noncoding RNAs in Islet Biology.
Journal
Comprehensive Physiology
Author(s)
Guay C., Jacovetti C., Bayazit M.B., Brozzi F., Rodriguez-Trejo A., Wu K., Regazzi R.
ISSN
2040-4603 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2040-4603
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/07/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
3
Pages
893-932
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The discovery that most mammalian genome sequences are transcribed to ribonucleic acids (RNA) has revolutionized our understanding of the mechanisms governing key cellular processes and of the causes of human diseases, including diabetes mellitus. Pancreatic islet cells were found to contain thousands of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), including micro-RNAs (miRNAs), PIWI-associated RNAs, small nucleolar RNAs, tRNA-derived fragments, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs. While the involvement of miRNAs in islet function and in the etiology of diabetes is now well documented, there is emerging evidence indicating that other classes of ncRNAs are also participating in different aspects of islet physiology. The aim of this article will be to provide a comprehensive and updated view of the studies carried out in human samples and rodent models over the past 15 years on the role of ncRNAs in the control of α- and β-cell development and function and to highlight the recent discoveries in the field. We not only describe the role of ncRNAs in the control of insulin and glucagon secretion but also address the contribution of these regulatory molecules in the proliferation and survival of islet cells under physiological and pathological conditions. It is now well established that most cells release part of their ncRNAs inside small extracellular vesicles, allowing the delivery of genetic material to neighboring or distantly located target cells. The role of these secreted RNAs in cell-to-cell communication between β-cells and other metabolic tissues as well as their potential use as diabetes biomarkers will be discussed. © 2020 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 10:893-932, 2020.
Keywords
Animals, Diabetes Mellitus/genetics, Diabetes Mellitus/metabolism, Diabetes Mellitus/pathology, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism, Insulin-Secreting Cells/pathology, Insulin-Secreting Cells/physiology, RNA, Untranslated/genetics
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
28/09/2020 13:16
Last modification date
28/09/2021 6:57
Usage data