Cognitive adaptations to criminal justice lead to “paranoid” norm obedience

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7E0071B957E1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Cognitive adaptations to criminal justice lead to “paranoid” norm obedience
Journal
Adaptive Behavior
Author(s)
Patrzyk Piotr M., Takáč Martin
ISSN
1059-7123
1741-2633
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
25
Number
2
Pages
83-95
Language
english
Abstract
People often cooperate and obey norms in situations where it is clear they cannot be caught and punished. Such behavior does not serve their self-interest, as they are foregoing opportunities to exploit others without any negative consequences. Hence, it is not clear how this behavior could have evolved. Some previous explanations invoked the existence of other-regarding preferences, moral motivation, or intrinsic concern for social norms. In this study, we develop an agent-based model illustrating that none of these is necessary for the emergence of norm-abiding behavior. Our model suggests evolutionary pressure against norm violators may lead to the emergence of a bias, causing agents to be extremely sensitive to the probability of being caught. Because of this, they often incorrectly classify anonymous situations as non-anonymous ones and obey social norms due to the fear of being punished. In our simulations, we show that cooperation is promoted by (1) the number of interactions actually observed, (2) the strength of punishments against norm violators, and most importantly, (3) the uncertainty in agent classifications.
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience
Web of science
Create date
23/08/2017 11:08
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:39
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