Hippocampal volume predicts fluid intelligence in musically trained people.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7D1EE54A7C84
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Hippocampal volume predicts fluid intelligence in musically trained people.
Journal
Hippocampus
Author(s)
Oechslin M.S., Descloux C., Croquelois A., Chanal J., Van De Ville D., Lazeyras F., James C.E.
ISSN
1098-1063 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1050-9631
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Number
7
Pages
552-558
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish. PDF type: Rapid Communication
Abstract
Recently, age-related hippocampal (HP) volume loss could be associated with a decrease in general fluid intelligence (gF). In the present study we investigated whether and how extensive musical training modulates human HP volume and gF performance. Previously, some studies demonstrated positive effects of musical training on higher cognitive functions such as learning and memory, associated with neural adaptations beyond the auditory domain. In order to detect possible associations between musical training and gF, we bilaterally segmented the HP formation and assessed the individual gF performance of people with different levels of musical expertise. Multiple regression analyses revealed that HP volume predicts gF in musicians but not in nonmusicians; in particular, bilaterally enhanced HP volume is associated with increased gF exclusively in musically trained people (amateurs and experts). This result suggests that musical training facilitates the recruitment of cognitive resources, which are essential for gF and linked to HP functioning. Musical training, even at a moderate level of intensity, can thus be considered as a potential strategy to decelerate age-related effects of cognitive decline. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
23/07/2013 13:32
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:38
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