Looking into water-pots and over a Buddhist scribe's shoulder - On the deposition and the use of manuscripts in early Buddhism

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Ressource 1Download: BIB_7C9777AA8C2A.P001.pdf (625.74 [Ko])
State: Serval
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7C9777AA8C2A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Looking into water-pots and over a Buddhist scribe's shoulder - On the deposition and the use of manuscripts in early Buddhism
Journal
Asiatische Studien = Etudes Asiatiques
Author(s)
Strauch Ingo
ISSN
2235-5871
0004-4717
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
68
Number
3
Pages
797-830
Language
english
Abstract
The article investigates the modes of use of early Buddhist manuscripts in a monastic environment. Based mainly on the evidence of archaeological and manuscript data from North-West India (Gandhāra) it discusses the circumstances under which manuscripts were produced, used and deposited by early Buddhist communities. In this regard, the article critically evaluates the hy-pothesis of a “ritual burial” of manuscripts in the stūpas of “Greater Gandhāra”. A special paragraph is devoted to the unique birch-bark manuscript of a portion of the Prātimokṣasūtra from the Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī manuscripts. The two sides of the birch-bark contain two different versions of the initial part of the naiḥsārgika pātayantika chapter of the Prātimokṣasūtra. A comparison with known canonical texts shows that these two versions can be associated with two different Prātimokṣasūtra traditions. They are, however, not identical with any of the known versions which are usually attributed to specific Buddhist schools (nikāyas). It therefore seems justified to characterise them as proto-canonical or/and local/regional versions of this fundamental text. The analysis of the language and the contents of the two versions allows cautious conclusions about certain aspects of the role of writing and of manuscripts in the emergence of authoritative canonical texts within Buddhist textual traditions.
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25/05/2016 11:19
Last modification date
24/07/2018 11:34
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