Clonal analysis of cytolytic T lymphocyte-mediated lysis of target cells with inducible antigen expression: correlation between antigen density and requirement for Lyt-2/3 function

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7C8DC3EA9223
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Clonal analysis of cytolytic T lymphocyte-mediated lysis of target cells with inducible antigen expression: correlation between antigen density and requirement for Lyt-2/3 function
Journal
Journal of Immunology
Author(s)
Shimonkevitz  R., Luescher  B., Cerottini  J. C., MacDonald  H. R.
ISSN
0022-1767 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/1985
Volume
135
Number
2
Pages
892-9
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Aug
Abstract
The lysis by allospecific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) of the BALB/c lymphoma ST-4.5, a cell line that can be induced by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) to express increased amounts of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens, was investigated. Culture of ST-4.5 in IFN-gamma increased the surface expression of Kd molecules from originally low levels and Dd from undetectable amounts by approximately fivefold as determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis, whereas the levels of several other antigens (Ld, I-Ad, Thy-1, Lyt-2, L3T4, and LFA-1) were not affected. The lysis of ST-4.5 by Dd- and Ld-specific CTL clones correlated with the expression of those antigens on target cells as determined by both FACS and biochemical analysis. Lysis of ST-4.5 by CTL clones specific for Kd antigen fell into two distinct groups: those that could lyse targets cultured either normally or in IFN-gamma, and those that could only lyse targets that had been precultured in IFN-gamma. The apparent sensitivity to antigen exhibited by the Kd-specific CTL clones predicted their sensitivity to inhibition of target lysis by anti-Lyt-2/3 antibody. Those CTL clones that were only active against ST-4.5 expressing higher amounts of surface antigen (resulting from IFN-gamma preculture) were readily inhibited by anti-Lyt-2/3 antibody, whereas those CTL capable of lysing normally cultured targets having lower amounts of surface antigen were heterogeneous in their sensitivity to anti-Lyt-2/3; some were inhibitable, whereas others were resistant. In addition, another CTL clone that was resistant to inhibition by anti-Lyt-2/3 alone was readily inhibited by a synergistic combination of anti-Lyt-2/3 plus anti-Kd (but not anti-Dd or Ld) antibodies. These results indicate that CTL antigen receptor sensitivity to (or affinity for) antigen and the level of specific antigen expression by the target cell may both be important criteria in assessing Lyt-2/3 molecule function in CTL-mediated cytolysis. The function of recognition-associated molecules such as Lyt-2/3 may be to strengthen and increase the number of receptor-ligand binding events that facilitate CTL-target membrane interactions that lead to the lysis of the target cell.
Keywords
Animals Antigens/*analysis Antigens, Ly/*immunology Antilymphocyte Serum/physiology Binding, Competitive Clone Cells/immunology *Cytotoxicity, Immunologic Drug Synergism Epitopes H-2 Antigens/analysis/immunology Interferon Type II/pharmacology Isoantibodies/physiology Lymphoma/immunology Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Inbred DBA T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/*immunology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
28/01/2008 12:14
Last modification date
03/03/2018 18:37
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