The Swiss carnivals of Payerne and Lausanne: Place-making between the mise en scène of self and the other(s)

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7B9BAD5A7940
Type
A part of a book
Publication sub-type
Chapter: chapter ou part
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Swiss carnivals of Payerne and Lausanne: Place-making between the mise en scène of self and the other(s)
Title of the book
Feast as a Mirror of Social and Cultural Changes
Author(s)
Salzbrunn Monika
Publisher
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Editor
Gierek  Bożena
Language
english
Abstract
The Swiss cities of Lausanne and Payerne are growing increasingly diverse, with 42% and 38% of their populations comprised of foreign residents respectively. How does this diversity impact festive traditions as well as the way cultural self-identification is put on stage? The Brandons de Payerne, a local carnival that has been celebrated 120 times since 1870, tends to put the imagined other on stage (the French, the Roma, etc.). These celebrations are strongly interconnected with city life, history and governance. Whereas several floats in the past expressed ambiguous messages and stereotypes of particular groups, in 2017, a giant swimming pool with women wearing burkinis was meant to symbolise a message for tolerance. The aim of the present chapter is to analyse the way representations of alterity are performed in Payerne. In the last part of this chapter, I provide a counter-example of a different, more recent festive event in order to highlight my findings by contrasting them with a case where certain groups do not perform the other but themselves during carnival: In Lausanne, the picture is slightly different and the carnival tradition more recent. A Fête du Soleil was invented in 1982 and became in 1996 the Carnaval de Lausanne. Responding to a general European demand for exoticism, the organisers have incorporated immigrant groups as such, turning the initial classic carnivalesque Othering by masquerades into a reification of the (invented) Self.
Keywords
Brandons, carnival, Othering, performance, place-making, wordplay
Funding(s)
University of Lausanne
Create date
26/05/2020 11:36
Last modification date
27/05/2020 6:21
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