Dietary intake according to gender and education : a twenty-year trend in a Swiss adult population

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Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7B8F5423F155
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Dietary intake according to gender and education : a twenty-year trend in a Swiss adult population
Journal
Nutrients
Author(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Rousi E., Paccaud F., Gaspoz J.M., Theler J.M., Bochud M., Stringhini S., Guessous I.
ISSN
2072-6643 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2072-6643
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Number
11
Pages
9558-9572
Language
english
Abstract
We assessed trends in dietary intake according to gender and education using repeated cross-sectional, population-based surveys conducted between 1993 and 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland (17,263 participants, 52.0 ± 10.6 years, 48% male). In 1993-1999, higher educated men had higher monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), carotene and vitamin D intakes than lower educated men, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. In 1993-1999, higher educated women had higher fiber, iron, carotene, vitamin D and alcohol intakes than lower educated women, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. Total energy, polyunsaturated fatty acids, retinol and alcohol intakes decreased, while mono/disaccharides, MUFA and carotene intake increased in both genders. Lower educated men had stronger decreases in saturated fatty acid (SFA) and calcium intakes than higher educated men: multivariate-adjusted slope and 95% confidence interval -0.11 (-0.15; -0.06) vs. -0.03 (-0.08; 0.02) g/day/year for SFA and -5.2 (-7.8; -2.7) vs. -1.03 (-3.8; 1.8) mg/day/year for calcium, p for interaction <0.05. Higher educated women had a greater decrease in iron intake than lower educated women: -0.03 (-0.04; -0.02) vs. -0.01 (-0.02; 0.00) mg/day/year, p for interaction = 0.002. We conclude that, in Switzerland, dietary intake evolved similarly between 1993 and 2012 in both educational groups. Educational differences present in 1993 persisted in 2012.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/12/2015 10:49
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:37
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