Latent profiles of family background, personality and mental health factors and their association with behavioural addictions and substance use disorders in young Swiss men.

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Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7ABC651F62DF
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Latent profiles of family background, personality and mental health factors and their association with behavioural addictions and substance use disorders in young Swiss men.
Journal
European psychiatry
Author(s)
Marmet S., Studer J., Rougemont-Bücking A., Gmel G.
ISSN
1778-3585 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0924-9338
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
52
Pages
76-84
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Recent theories suggest that behavioural addictions and substance use disorders may be the result of the same underlying vulnerability. The present study investigates profiles of family background, personality and mental health factors and their associations with seven behavioural addictions (to the internet, gaming, smartphones, internet sex, gambling, exercise and work) and three substance use disorder scales (for alcohol, cannabis and tobacco).
The sample consisted of 5287 young Swiss men (mean age = 25.42) from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF). A latent profile analysis was performed on family background, personality and mental health factors. The derived profiles were compared with regards to means and prevalence rates of the behavioural addiction and substance use disorder scales.
Seven latent profiles were identified, ranging from profiles with a positive family background, favourable personality patterns and low values on mental health scales to profiles with a negative family background, unfavourable personality pattern and high values on mental health scales. Addiction scale means, corresponding prevalence rates and the number of concurrent addictions were highest in profiles with high values on mental health scales and a personality pattern dominated by neuroticism. Overall, behavioural addictions and substance use disorders showed similar patterns across latent profiles.
Patterns of family background, personality and mental health factors were associated with different levels of vulnerability to addictions. Behavioural addictions and substance use disorders may thus be the result of the same underlying vulnerabilities.
Keywords
Adult, Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology, Character, Comorbidity, Family Characteristics, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders/epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology, Switzerland, Young Adult, Affective disorders, Attention deficit - hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Behavioural addictions, Borderline personality disorder, Stress, Substance use disorders
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
12/05/2018 10:05
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:36
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