MitoRS, a method for high throughput, sensitive, and accurate detection of mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy.


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MitoRS, a method for high throughput, sensitive, and accurate detection of mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy.
BMC genomics
Marquis Julien, Lefebvre Gregory, Kourmpetis Yiannis A. I., Kassam Mohamed, Ronga Frederic, De Marchi Umberto, Wiederkehr Andreas, Descombes Patrick
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BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to numerous pathological states, in particular related to metabolism, brain health and ageing. Nuclear encoded gene polymorphisms implicated in mitochondrial functions can be analyzed in the context of classical genome wide association studies. By contrast, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants are more challenging to identify and analyze for several reasons. First, contrary to the diploid nuclear genome, each cell carries several hundred copies of the circular mitochondrial genome. Mutations can therefore be present in only a subset of the mtDNA molecules, resulting in a heterogeneous pool of mtDNA, a situation referred to as heteroplasmy. Consequently, detection and quantification of variants requires extremely accurate tools, especially when this proportion is small. Additionally, the mitochondrial genome has pseudogenized into numerous copies within the nuclear genome over the course of evolution. These nuclear pseudogenes, named NUMTs, must be distinguished from genuine mtDNA sequences and excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: Here we describe a novel method, named MitoRS, in which the entire mitochondrial genome is amplified in a single reaction using rolling circle amplification. This approach is easier to setup and of higher throughput when compared to classical PCR amplification. Sequencing libraries are generated at high throughput exploiting a tagmentation-based method. Fine-tuned parameters are finally applied in the analysis to allow detection of variants even of low frequency heteroplasmy. The method was thoroughly benchmarked in a set of experiments designed to demonstrate its robustness, accuracy and sensitivity. The MitoRS method requires 5 ng total DNA as starting material. More than 96 samples can be processed in less than a day of laboratory work and sequenced in a single lane of an Illumina HiSeq flow cell. The lower limit for accurate quantification of single nucleotide variants has been measured at 1% frequency. CONCLUSIONS: The MitoRS method enables the robust, accurate, and sensitive analysis of a large number of samples. Because it is cost effective and simple to setup, we anticipate this method will promote the analysis of mtDNA variants in large cohorts, and may help assessing the impact of mtDNA heteroplasmy on metabolic health, brain function, cancer progression, or ageing.
Humans, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, *Heteroplasmy, *Low frequency variant, *Mitochondria, *Mitochondrial DNA, *MitoRS, *Next generation sequencing, *Rolling circle amplification, *Somatic mutation, DNA, Mitochondrial/*analysis/metabolism, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, INDEL Mutation, Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/*methods, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sequence Analysis, DNA
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19/02/2020 13:23
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19/06/2020 6:26
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