Crime Drop or Police Recording Flop? On the Relationship between the Decrease of Offline Crime and the Increase of Online and Hybrid Crimes

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_786420896A16
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Crime Drop or Police Recording Flop? On the Relationship between the Decrease of Offline Crime and the Increase of Online and Hybrid Crimes
Journal
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice
Author(s)
Caneppele Stefano, Aebi Marcelo F
ISSN
1752-4512
1752-4520
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/03/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Number
1
Pages
66-79
Language
english
Abstract
This paper analyses the relationship between the drop in traditional crimes in Western highly industrialized societies and the evolution of cybercrime. It includes a review of the criminological debate on the crime drop, which shows that the exchanges between researchers allowed clarifying its extent and limits, but without reaching agreement about its causes and seldom taking into account the trends in cyber-related offences. The paper also reviews the data available on the latter and arrives to the conclusion that European police statistics rarely include them and, when they do, the available data do not allow establishing trends nor conducting comparisons across countries. The difficulties related to the recording of such crimes are discussed and a proposal for a tripartite classification of crimes that distinguishes between offline, online, and hybrid crimes is advanced, together with suggestions on the statistical counting rules that could be applied to measure the frequency of cyber-related offences. Finally, a review of the available victimization surveys shows that cybercrime could currently represent between one-third and half of the crimes committed in a country. Accordingly, the authors consider that the rise of online and hybrid crimes have contributed to the drop of offline crimes. This is a consequence of the development of the Internet, which changed the lifestyle and routine activities of the population, and opened a breach in traditional police-based crime prevention strategies. The new scenario helped consolidating the private security market and, indirectly, led the companies involved to hold a strategic data collection, which could be used to study cybercrime.
Keywords
Crime Drop, Cybercrime, Online crimes, Hybrid crimes, Traditional crimes, Europe
Web of science
Create date
01/12/2017 11:22
Last modification date
19/12/2019 7:22
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