Attentional networks efficiency in preterm children.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_76DF70F3F91D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Attentional networks efficiency in preterm children.
Journal
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Author(s)
Pizzo R., Urben S., Van Der Linden M., Borradori-Tolsa C., Freschi M., Forcada-Guex M., Hüppi P., Barisnikov K.
ISSN
1469-7661[electronic]
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Volume
16
Number
1
Pages
130-137
Language
english
Abstract
Recent studies have reported specific executive and attentional deficits in preterm children. However, the majority of this research has used multidetermined tasks to assess these abilities, and the interpretation of the results lacks an explicit theoretical backdrop to better understand the origin of the difficulties observed. In the present study, we used the Child Attention Network Task (Child ANT; Rueda et al. 2004) to assess the efficiency of the alerting, orienting and executive control networks. We compared the performance of 25 preterm children (gestational age < or = 32 weeks) to 25 full-term children, all between 5(1/2) and 6(1/2) years of age. Results showed that, as compared to full-term children, preterm children were slower on all conditions of the Child ANT and had a specific deficit in executive control abilities. We also observed a significantly higher correlation between the orienting and executive control networks in the preterm group, suggesting less differentiation of these two networks in this population.
Keywords
Attention networks, Inhibition, Orienting, Alerting, Prematurity, ANT, Low-Birth-Weight, Executive Functions, Preschool-Children, School-Age, Born Preterm, Older-Adults, Childhood, Outcomes, Brain, Performance
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
02/02/2010 13:10
Last modification date
01/10/2019 6:18
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