Hepatitis C virus infections in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study: a rapidly evolving epidemic.

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Ressource 1Download: serval:BIB_76CEA7697453.P001 (314.16 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
License: Not specified
It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_76CEA7697453
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Hepatitis C virus infections in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study: a rapidly evolving epidemic.
Journal
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Author(s)
Wandeler G., Gsponer T., Bregenzer A., Günthard H.F., Clerc O., Calmy A., Stöckle M., Bernasconi E., Furrer H., Rauch A.
Working group(s)
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Contributor(s)
Barth J., Battegay M., Bernasconi E., Böni J., Bucher HC., Bürgisser P., Burton-Jeangros C., Calmy A., Cavassini M., Dubs R., Egger M., Elzi L., Fehr J., Fischer M., Flepp M., Francioli P., Furrer H., Fux CA., Gorgievski M., Günthard H., Hasse B., Hirsch HH., Hirschel B., Hösli I., Kahlert C., Kaiser L., Keiser O., Kind C., Klimkait T., Kovari H., Ledergerber B., Martinetti G., Martinez de Tejada B., Müller N., Nadal D., Pantaleo G., Rauch A., Regenass S., Rickenbach M., Rudin C., Schmid P., Schultze D., Schöni-Affolter F., Schüpbach J., Speck R., Taffé P., Telenti A., Trkola A., Vernazza P., von Wyl V.
ISSN
1537-6591 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1058-4838
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Volume
55
Number
10
Pages
1408-1416
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has a growing impact on morbidity and mortality in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We assessed trends in HCV incidence in the different HIV transmission groups in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS).
METHODS: HCV infection incidence was assessed from 1998, when routine serial HCV screening was introduced in the SHCS, until 2011. All HCV-seronegative patients with at least 1 follow-up serology were included. Incidence rates (IRs) of HCV infections were compared between men who have sex with men (MSM), injection drug users (IDU), and heterosexuals (HET).
RESULTS: HCV incidence was assessed in 3333 MSM, 123 IDU, and 3078 HET with a negative HCV serology at baseline. Over 23 707 person-years (py) for MSM, 733 py for IDU, and 20 752 py for HET, 101 (3%), 41 (33%), and 25 (1%) of patients seroconverted, respectively. The IR of HCV infections in MSM increased from 0.23 (95% credible interval [CrI], .08-.54) per 100 py in 1998 to 4.09 (95% CrI, 2.57-6.18) in 2011. The IR decreased in IDU and remained <1 per 100 py in HET. In MSM, history of inconsistent condom use (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.09; 95% CI, 1.33-3.29) and past syphilis (adjusted HR, 2.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.39-3.20) predicted HCV seroconversion.
CONCLUSIONS: In the SHCS, HCV infection incidence decreased in IDU, remained stable in HET, and increased 18-fold in MSM in the last 13 years. These observations underscore the need for improved HCV surveillance and prevention among HIV-infected MSM.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/12/2012 19:35
Last modification date
25/09/2019 7:09
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