Emotional eating is related with temperament but not with stress biomarkers in preschool children.

Details

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State: Serval
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_73B90A69B549
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Emotional eating is related with temperament but not with stress biomarkers in preschool children.
Journal
Appetite
Author(s)
Messerli-Bürgy N., Stülb K., Kakebeeke T.H., Arhab A., Zysset A.E., Leeger-Aschmann C.S., Schmutz E.A., Meyer A.H., Ehlert U., Garcia-Burgos D., Kriemler S., Jenni O.G., Puder J.J., Munsch S.
ISSN
1095-8304 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0195-6663
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/01/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
120
Pages
256-264
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article ; Multicenter Study
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Emotional eating (EE) corresponds to a change in eating behavior in response to distress and results in an increase of food intake (overeating (EOE)) or in food avoidance (undereating (EUE)). EE has been related to temperament (i.e. negative emotionality) and dysregulated stress biomarkers in school-aged children; parenting has been understood to influence this relationship in older children. The aim of the study was to investigate to which extent stress biomarkers and negative emotionality are related to EE and to understand the role of parenting in this relationship. The sample consisted of 271 children aged 2-6 years of the Swiss cohort study SPLASHY. We assessed the child's EE, negative emotionality and parenting by parent based reports. Salivary samples were collected over two days to analyze cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase levels. From the whole sample of children, 1.1% showed EOE and 32.9% EUE. Negative emotionality was related to EOE and EUE (0.13 (CI 0.06, 021), p < 0.001; 0.25 (CI 0.14, 0.35), p < 0.001). There was no relationship between stress biomarkers and EE and parenting had any moderating role (all p > 0.05). Similar to a Danish study, parents reported more often EUE than EOE of their child. Both are related to the temperament. Even though the course of EE has not yet been well documented, we conclude that a certain subgroup of children with difficult temperament could be at-risk for eat and weight regulation problems in later childhood.
Keywords
Biomarkers/analysis, Child, Child Behavior/psychology, Child, Preschool, Eating/psychology, Emotions, Feeding Behavior/psychology, Feeding and Eating Disorders/metabolism, Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology, Female, Humans, Hydrocortisone/metabolism, Hyperphagia/psychology, Male, Parenting/psychology, Prospective Studies, Saliva/chemistry, Stress, Psychological/metabolism, Stress, Psychological/psychology, Switzerland, Temperament, alpha-Amylases/metabolism, Emotional eating, Parenting, SPLASHY, Stress biomarker
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
22/09/2017 11:26
Last modification date
30/07/2018 17:33
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