Probing gambling urge as a state construct: Evidence from a sample of community gamblers.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_7248A95D6687
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Probing gambling urge as a state construct: Evidence from a sample of community gamblers.
Journal
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Author(s)
Canale Natale, Cornil Aurélien, Giroux Isabelle, Bouchard Stéphane, Billieux Joël
ISSN
1939-1501
0893-164X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Number
2
Pages
154-161
Language
english
Abstract
Little effort has been made to systematically test the psychometric properties of the Gambling Craving Scale
(GACS; Young & Wohl, 2009). The GACS is adapted from the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges (Tiffany
& Drobes, 1991) and thus measures gambling-related urge. Crucially, the validation of scales assessing
gambling urge is complex because this construct is better conceptualized as a state (a transient and contextdetermined
phenomenon). In the present study, we tested the psychometric properties of the French version
of the GACS with 2 independent samples of community gamblers following an induction procedure delivered
through an audio-guided imagery sequence aimed at promoting gambling urge. This procedure was specifically
used to ensure the assessment of gambling urge as a state variable. Participants also completed measures
of gambling severity, gambling cognitions and motives, impulsivity, and affect. Confirmatory factor analysis
showed that the original 3-factor solution (anticipation, desire, relief) did not fit the data well. Additional
exploratory factor analysis suggested instead a 2-factor solution: an intention and desire to gamble dimension
and a relief dimension. The factorial structure resulting from the exploratory factor analysis was tested with
confirmatory factor analysis in a second independent sample, resulting in an acceptable fit. The 2 dimensions
presented good internal reliability and correlated differentially with the other study’s variables. The current
study showed that, similar to what has been reported for substance-related urges, gambling urges are
adequately probed with a bidimensional model. The findings suggest that the French GACS has good
psychometric properties, legitimizing its use in research and clinical practice.
Keywords
Medicine (miscellaneous), Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Craving, Gambling, Assessment
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Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 9:30
Last modification date
15/01/2020 6:22
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