The evolution of personality in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7104575BF305
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The evolution of personality in patients with mild cognitive impairment.
Journal
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Author(s)
Donati A., Studer J., Petrillo S., Pocnet C., Popp J., Rossier J., von Gunten A.
ISSN
1421-9824 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1420-8008
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Number
5-6
Pages
329-339
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Aims: To describe personality traits and their changes in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and control subjects. Methods: Sixty-three MCI and 90 control subjects were asked to describe their current personality traits by the Structured Interview for the Five-Factor Model (SIFFM). For each subject, a close relative retrospectively assessed these descriptions both as to the previous and current personality traits, using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, Form R (NEO-PI-R). Results: Self-assessed MCI subjects reported significantly lower scores in the openness dimension than control subjects [F(1, 150) = 9.84, p = 0.002, ηp(2) = 0.06]. In current observer ratings, MCI subjects had higher scores on neuroticism [F(1, 137) = 7.55, p = 0.007, ηp(2) = 0.05] and lower ones on extraversion [F(1, 137) = 6.40, p = 0.013, ηp(2) = 0.04], openness [F(1, 137) = 9.93, p = 0.002, ηp(2) = 0.07], agreeableness [F(1, 137) = 10.18, p = 0.002, ηp(2) = 0.07] and conscientiousness [F(1, 137) = 25.96, p < 0.001, ηp(2) = 0.16]. Previous personality traits discriminated the groups as previous openness [odds ratio (OR) = 0.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.95-0.99, p = 0.014] and conscientiousness (OR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.94-0.98, p = 0.001) were negatively related to MCI group membership. In MCI subjects, conscientiousness [F(1, 137) = 19.20, p < 0.001, ηp(2) = 0.12] and extraversion [F(1, 137) = 22.27, p < 0.001, ηp(2) = 0.14] decreased between previous and current evaluations and neuroticism increased [F(1, 137) = 22.23, p < 0.001, ηp(2) = 0.14], whereas no significant change was found in control subjects. Conclusions: MCI subjects undergo significant personality changes. Thus, personality assessment may aid the early detection of dementia. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Create date
29/10/2013 11:52
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:29
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