Testing new identity models and processes in French-speaking adolescents and emerging adults students

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_6DEAE38790F9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Testing new identity models and processes in French-speaking adolescents and emerging adults students
Journal
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Author(s)
Zimmermann G., Lannegrand-Willems L., Safont-Mottay C., Cannard C.
ISSN
0047-2891 (Print)
1573-6601 (Online)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
44
Number
1
Pages
127-141
Language
english
Abstract
Developing a sense of identity is a crucial psychosocial task for young people. The purpose of this study was to
evaluate identity development in French-speaking adolescents and emerging adults (in France and Switzerland)
using a process-oriented model of identity formation including five dimensions (i.e., exploration in breadth,
commitment making, exploration in depth, identification with commitment, and ruminative exploration). The
study included participants from three different samples (total N = 2239, 66.7% women): two samples of
emerging adult student and one sample of adolescents. Results confirmed the hypothesized five-factor
dimensional model of identity in our three samples and provided evidence for convergent validity of the model.
The results also indicated that exploration in depth might be subdivided in two aspects: a first form of
exploration in depth leading to a better understanding and to an increase of the strength of current commitments
and a second form of exploration in depth leading to a re-evaluation and a reconsideration of current
commitments. Further, the identity status cluster solution that emerged is globally in line with previous literature
(i.e., achievement, foreclosure, moratorium, carefree diffusion, diffused diffusion, undifferentiated). However,
despite a structural similarity, we found variations in identity profiles because identity development is shaped by
cultural context. These specific variations are discussed in light of social, educational and economic differences
between France and the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Implications and suggestions for future research
are offered.
Keywords
Adolescence, Emerging adulthood, Exploration in depth, Identity processes, Identity statuses
Create date
13/08/2013 10:43
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:27
Usage data