Comparing the Urban Impacts of the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games From 2010 to 2016

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_6C6AD56D3259
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Comparing the Urban Impacts of the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games From 2010 to 2016
Journal
Journal of Sport and Social Issues
Author(s)
Müller M., Gaffney C.
ISSN
1552-7638 (Online)
0193-7235 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/08/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
42
Number
4
Pages
247-269
Language
english
Abstract
At a cost of often more than US$10 billion, mega-events such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA Men’s World Cup are the single most transformative urban project in many host cities for decades. This article develops an analytical matrix for comparing the impacts of these events on cities and proposes a case survey method to apply this matrix to six recent sports mega-events: the Olympic Games in Vancouver, London, Sochi, and Rio de Janeiro and the FIFA Men’s World Cups in South Africa and Brazil. We find that for the events in our sample, it is not so much the event itself, but the political and economic contexts that most influence impacts. Cities in democracies with more market-led economies experienced fewer adverse impacts and were better able to use the event for urban development than those in less democratic countries with more state-led economies. None of the cities, however, was able to avoid negative impacts.
Keywords
mega-events, mega-projects, Olympic Games, World Cup, urban development
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/08/2018 9:59
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:26
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