Improved smoking cessation in smokers given ultrasound photographs of their own atherosclerotic plaques.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_6A1532CF6B8A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Improved smoking cessation in smokers given ultrasound photographs of their own atherosclerotic plaques.
Journal
Preventive medicine
Author(s)
Bovet P., Perret F., Cornuz J., Quilindo J., Paccaud F.
ISSN
0091-7435
ISSN-L
0091-7435
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2002
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
34
Number
2
Pages
215-220
Language
english
Abstract
BACKGROUND: We examined whether making smokers aware that they had developed peripheral atherosclerosis would improve smoking cessation. METHODS: Smokers selected from the general population were randomly allocated to undergo high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography of their carotid and femoral arteries. All smokers received quit-smoking counseling. Smokers with > or =1 atherosclerotic plaque were given two photographs of a plaque with a relevant explanation. Quit rates were assessed by telephone 6 months later. RESULTS: Seventy-nine smokers did not undergo ultrasonography (A). Among the 74 smokers submitted to ultrasonography, 20 had no plaque (B) and 54 had > or =1 plaque (C). Quit rates were, respectively, 6.3, 5.0, and 22.2% in groups A, B, and C. Quit rates were higher in smokers submitted to ultrasonography (B + C vs A; P = 0.031) and in those receiving photographs (C vs A + B; P = 0.003). Smoking cessation was independently associated with intervention C (OR = 6.2; 95% CI = 1.8-21) and a white-collar job but not with age or gender. CONCLUSIONS: Providing smokers with photographs demonstrating atherosclerosis on their own person was an effective adjunct to physician's advice to quit smoking. Since ultrasonography is used increasingly often in clinical practice for cardiovascular risk stratification, this can provide an additional opportunity and means to deter smokers from smoking.
Keywords
Adult, Arteriosclerosis, Audiovisual Aids, Counseling, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Seychelles, Smoking Cessation
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
14/03/2008 11:20
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:24
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