Participating In The Race Across AMerica In A Team Of Eight Cyclists: Do Not Neglect Crew Preparation.

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_69C78145BF01
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Participating In The Race Across AMerica In A Team Of Eight Cyclists: Do Not Neglect Crew Preparation.
Journal
Open access journal of sports medicine
Author(s)
Guex K., Serain E., Gremion G., Besson C., Faiss R., Majo J., Degache F.
ISSN
1179-1543 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1179-1543
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Pages
161-169
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The Race Across AMerica (RAAM) is considered as one of the longest, and most difficult cycling races in the world. It can be performed in solo or in relay of two, four or eight persons.
The aim of the present study was to investigate several physiological, perceptual and psychological responses before, during and after RAAM in a team of eight amateur cyclists. Because logistics of all team is demanding and complex, crew members have followed the same testing procedure.
The main result is that parameters were globally not altered to a greater extent in cyclists than in crew members over the course of the RAAM, and that all variables returned to pre-race levels 1 week after the end of the race in both groups. In crew, body fat was decreased (p < 0.05) at mid-race (Mid) vs 1 week before the RAAM (Pre) (-1.5%) and total body water was increased (p < 0.05) at Mid vs Pre (+2.5%). In pre-relay quadriceps strength in cyclists was significantly lower (p < 0.05) at Mid vs Pre (41.6 ± 9.1 vs 45.0 ± 11.2 N, d = 0.36). Therefore, performing the race with eight well-prepared amateur cyclists seems to decrease potential risks on health. In crew, quadriceps strength remained stable at each assessment time but general fatigue increased all along the race. Anger was increased (p < 0.05) at Mid vs Pre in crew.
The most important message of this study is that crew members for a team of eight require adequate and sufficient preparation and training. Roles and responsibilities need to be thoroughly defined; individuals need to know each other beforehand and they must be prepared for sleep deprivation. The results of this study show the importance of the preparation of two teams: crew members, as well as cyclists.
Keywords
body fat, mood, pain, sleep, strength, ultra-endurance exercise
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/12/2019 17:37
Last modification date
15/01/2021 7:09
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