Lésions iatrogènes des voies biliaires lors de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique


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A Master's thesis.
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Master (thesis) (master)
Lésions iatrogènes des voies biliaires lors de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique
Martin D.
Halkic N.
Uldry E.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
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Objective: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of occurrence and risk factors of iatrogenic bile duct injuries (IBDI) in the LC and study their treatment modalities.
Methods: Between January 2000 and December 2011, a series of 13 patients (6 men, 7 women, mean age 66.7 years, mean BMI 27.9 kg/m2) underwent IBDI in our institution for 2'840 LC performed. These patients were identified retrospectively using a wide range of classification codes in our medical center for archiving. Their medical records were examined individually to identify a IBDI.
Results: The frequency of IBDI was 0.46% (n=13). The most common indication for surgery was acute cholecystitis (69.2%). The main cause was the confusion of the common bile duct with the cystic duct in 38.5% of cases. Strasberg classification applied to our sample identified the following injuries: A (n=4), D (n=4), E1 (n=3) and E5 (n=2). They were diagnosed intraoperatively in 46.2% of cases and postoperatively in 53.8% of cases. The rate of type D lesions was significantly higher in the group with intraoperative recognition (p= 0.009), while the rate of type A lesions was significantly higher in the group with postoprative recognition (p = 0.026). Intraoperatively, 83.3% of the lesions were treated by primary suture with a biliary drainage and a hepatico-jejunal anastomosis was performed immediately in one case (16.7%). Postoperatively, 85.7% of the lesions were treated by non-surgical techniques in first- line and 4 of them have undergone biliary surgery later. The total number of therapeutic procedures for each IBDI after LC was significantly higher when the diagnosis was made postoperatively (3.4 vs. 1.5, p= 0.040).
Conclusion: This study has identified a patient at risk of IBDI, this one is relatively old, overweight and has an inflammatory environment. Misidentification of biliary anatomy remains the main cause. There is a clear relationship between the timing of recognition and the type of injury involved. The primary suture with adequate drainage seems to be the method of choice for intraoperative discovery, while in case of postoperative recognition, the treatment must be adapted after a multidisciplinary consensus by combining interventional radiology, endoscopy and surgery.
laparoscopic cholecystectomy, iatrogenic bile duct injuries, intratraoperative cholangiography, biliary repair
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12/09/2013 10:45
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22/04/2021 6:36
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