Modeling the residual effects and threshold saturation of training: a case study of Olympic swimmers.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_66657A3E9F5C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Modeling the residual effects and threshold saturation of training: a case study of Olympic swimmers.
Journal
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Author(s)
Hellard P., Avalos M., Millet G., Lacoste L., Barale F., Chatard J.C.
ISSN
1064-8011 (Print)
ISSN-L
1064-8011
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Volume
19
Number
1
Pages
67-75
Language
english
Abstract
The aim of this study was to model the residual effects of training on the swimming performance and to compare a model that includes threshold saturation (MM) with the Banister model (BM). Seven Olympic swimmers were studied over a period of 4 +/- 2 years. For 3 training loads (low-intensity w(LIT), high-intensity w(HIT), and strength training w(ST)), 3 residual training effects were determined: short-term (STE) during the taper phase (i.e., 3 weeks before the performance [weeks 0, 1, and 2]), intermediate-term (ITE) during the intensity phase (weeks 3, 4, and 5), and long-term (LTE) during the volume phase (weeks 6, 7, and 8). ITE and LTE were positive for w(HIT) and w(LIT), respectively (p < 0.05). Low-intensity training load during taper was related to performances by a parabolic relationship (p < 0.05). Different quality measures indicated that MM compares favorably with BM. Identifying individual training thresholds may help individualize the distribution of training loads.
Keywords
Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Models, Biological, Muscle, Skeletal/physiology, Physical Education and Training/methods, Physical Endurance/physiology, Regression Analysis, Swimming/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/09/2008 8:01
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:22
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