Study of protein complexes


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PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Study of protein complexes
Jaccard B.
Tschopp J.
Institution details
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecine Université de Lausanne UNIL - Bugnon Rue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111 CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
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REROID:R005004989 ill.
Summary :
A lot of information can be obtained on proteins when proteomics methods are used. In our study, we aimed to characterize complexes containing pro-apoptotic proteins by different proteomics methods and finally focused on PIDD (p53-induced protein with a death domain), for which the most interesting results were obtained. PIDD has been shown to function as a molecular switch between genotoxic stress-induced apoptotis and genotoxic stress-induced cell survival through NF-κB activation. To exert these two functions, PIDD forms alternate complexes respectively with caspase2 and CRADD on one hand and RIP 1 and NEMO on the other hand.
The first part of our study focuses on the processing of PIDD. PIDD full length (FL) is constitutively cleaved into three fragments, an N-terminal one (PIDD-N) and two fragments containing the C-terminus (PIDD-C and PIDD-CC). Localization of the two PIDD cleavage sites by mass spectrometry (MS) allowed to understand that PIDD is probably not cleaved by proteases but is subject to protein (self-)splicing and also to map the PIDD-N, PIDD-C and PIDD-CC fragments exactly. Further characterization of these three fragments by Tinel et al. (Tinel et al., 2007) showed that PIDD-C is involved in activation of an apoptotic pathway while PIDD-CC is involved in NF-κB activation. We also found that PIDD is subject to proline-directed phosphorylation at two serine residues in PIDD-N, the regulatory fragment of PIDD.
The second part of the study aimed at identifying by proteomics techniques proteins that co-purify with PIDD and therefore are putative cellular interaction partners. In this respect we analyzed samples obtained in different conditions or with different PIDD constructs corresponding to processed fragments. This allowed us to identify a large number of potential interactors for PIDD. For example, by comparing data obtained from PIDD-C and PIDD-FL affinity purifications, we found that the Hsp90 chaperone system interacts strongly with PIDD-N.
In the third part of this study, we developed methods to selectively and rapidly quantify by MS proteins of interest in PIDD affinity purifications or negative controls. Using these tools we detected significant changes in PIDD-FL-copurifying proteins treated by heat shock. Overall, our studies provide informative data on the processing of PIDD and its possible involvement in several molecular pathways.
Create date
22/06/2010 15:24
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:21
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