La renaissance de la pensée biologique de Rudolf Virchow dans l'oeuvre de Ludwig Aschoff [The rebirth of Rudolf Virchow's biological thought, in the work of Ludwig Aschoff]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_659B37D30395
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
La renaissance de la pensée biologique de Rudolf Virchow dans l'oeuvre de Ludwig Aschoff [The rebirth of Rudolf Virchow's biological thought, in the work of Ludwig Aschoff]
Journal
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Author(s)
Benaroyo  L.
ISSN
0151-4105 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
1997
Volume
50
Number
4
Pages
447-460
Notes
DA - 19980129
LA - fre
PT - Biography
PT - English Abstract
PT - Historical Article
PT - Journal Article
Titre original : La renaissance de la pensee biologique de Rudolf Virchow dans l'oeuvre de Ludwig Aschoff
SB - Q
Abstract
Rudolf Virchow's teaching was challenged by German physicians in the 1920s. Scientific medicine, they argued, did not provide sufficient tools for patient care. They held Virchow responsible for this state of things. According to Ludolf von Krehl, Gustav von Bergmann or Ferdinand Sauerbruch, Virchow fostered a mechanistic trend in medicine which neglected the human dimension in medical practice. These clinicians claimed that scientific medicine should therefore be complemented at the bedside by a teleological approach, taking into account the purposiveness of vital processes. This was the methodological core of the reform that they intended to promote. Many pathologists alike were preoccupied with the reformatory trend launched by the physicians. Ludwig Aschoff, Paul Ernst, Max Borst and Walter Pagel endeavoured to reform the theoretical foundations of their discipline. However, they did not agree with the physicians' view of Virchow's teaching. Aschoff especially showed that Virchow's initial writings provided in fact an epistemological basis supporting the clinicians' endeavour. In this paper, I examine Aschoff's argumentation. I hope thereby to improve our knowledge of one of the components of the medical reform which took place in Germany during the Weimar period
Keywords
Clinical Medicine/history/Germany/History,19th Century/History,20th Century/methods/Pathology,Clinical/Philosophy,Medical
Pubmed
Create date
18/02/2008 16:04
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:21
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