Types of professionalization: understanding contemporary organizational designs of Swiss national sport federations

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_648FA812535A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Types of professionalization: understanding contemporary organizational designs of Swiss national sport federations
Journal
Sport, Business and Management: an International Journal
Author(s)
Lang Grazia, Schlesinger Torsten, Lamprecht Markus, Ruoranen Kaisa, Klenk Christoffer, Bayle Emmanuel, Clausen Josephine, Giauque David, Nagel Siegfried
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/06/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1-18
Language
english
Abstract
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify types of professionalization in Swiss national sport federations (NSFs) and analyze organizational characteristics associated with specific types of professionalization. Such types identify common patterns among the increasingly complex organizational designs of NSFs and thus contribute to our understanding of the professionalization of NSFs.
Design/methodology/approach – An online survey of all Swiss NSFs was conducted to identify types of professionalization in Swiss NSFs using hierarchical cluster analysis, based on a multi-dimensional framework of professionalization.
Findings – The analysis revealed four types of professionalization: the formalized NSFs managed by paid staff; the NSFs managed by volunteers and a few paid staff off the field; the NSFs with differing formalization and paid staff on the field; and the moderately formalized NSFs managed by volunteers. The types differ in terms of the NSFs’ organizational characteristics, in particular, size, financial resources, Olympic status, and performance.
Originality/value – Applying factor and cluster analysis is a new approach to analyzing professionalization in NSFs which makes it possible to uncover distinctive organizational patterns among large groups of NSFs–referred to as types. These results lay the foundation for understanding the nature of organizational designs and professionalization, for counselling NSFs on their organizational development, as well as to conduct future research into the design types of sport organizations.

Keywords
Design type, organizational characteristics, factor analysis, cluster analysis
Create date
01/05/2018 9:16
Last modification date
21/08/2019 5:14
Usage data