Neurorestorative interventions involving bioelectronic implants after spinal cord injury.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_64607AEEAA4A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Neurorestorative interventions involving bioelectronic implants after spinal cord injury.
Journal
Bioelectronic medicine
Author(s)
Cho N., Squair J.W., Bloch J., Courtine G.
ISSN
2332-8886 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2332-8886
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
5
Pages
10
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
In the absence of approved treatments to repair damage to the central nervous system, the role of neurosurgeons after spinal cord injury (SCI) often remains confined to spinal cord decompression and vertebral fracture stabilization. However, recent advances in bioelectronic medicine are changing this landscape. Multiple neuromodulation therapies that target circuits located in the brain, midbrain, or spinal cord have been able to improve motor and autonomic functions. The spectrum of implantable brain-computer interface technologies is also expanding at a fast pace, and all these neurotechnologies are being progressively embedded within rehabilitation programs in order to augment plasticity of spared circuits and residual projections with training. Here, we summarize the impending arrival of bioelectronic medicine in the field of SCI. We also discuss the new role of functional neurosurgeons in neurorestorative interventional medicine, a new discipline at the intersection of neurosurgery, neuro-engineering, and neurorehabilitation.
Keywords
Brain-computer interface, Electrical stimulation, Neuromodulation, Neurosurgery, Spinal cord injury
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
04/04/2020 16:37
Last modification date
08/07/2021 6:37
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