Smoking trends in Switzerland, 1992-2007: a time for optimism?

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_63D4828C0D42
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Smoking trends in Switzerland, 1992-2007: a time for optimism?
Journal
Journal of epidemiology and community health
Author(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Cerveira J., Paccaud F., Cornuz J.
ISSN
1470-2738 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0143-005X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
65
Number
3
Pages
281-286
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To assess trends in smoking status according to gender, age and educational level in the adult Swiss population.
Four national health interview surveys conducted between 1992 and 2007 in representative samples of the Swiss population.
The prevalence of current smokers increased between 1992 and 1997, decreasing thereafter. In 2007, the prevalence of current smokers (32.0% of men and 23.8% of women) was lower than in 1992 (38.4% and 26.7%, respectively). Whereas the prevalence of current + former smoking decreased from 64.5% in 1992 to 59.3% in 2007 among men, it was similar among women during the same period (44.0% in 1992 and 43.9% in 2007). The prevalence of current + former smokers decreased from 47.2% in 1992 to 46.3% in 2007 in the lower education group (no education + primary), from 54.8% to 52.9% in subjects with secondary level education, and from 55.4% to 48.7% in subjects with university level education. The prevalence of current smokers decreased in all age groups. Finally, the amount of cigarette equivalents smoked per day decreased, but the amount of non-cigarette tobacco (alone or in combination with cigarettes) increased for both sexes.
The prevalence of smoking has been decreasing in the Swiss population, for both sexes and for most age groups and educational levels between 1992 and 2007. The health effects of the change in type of tobacco products consumed await further investigation.

Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Analysis of Variance, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Income/statistics & numerical data, Income/trends, Interviews as Topic, Male, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance, Prevalence, Public Health/statistics & numerical data, Public Health/trends, Sex Distribution, Smoking/epidemiology, Smoking/psychology, Smoking/trends, Smoking Cessation/psychology, Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data, Social Class, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
07/05/2010 14:53
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:20
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