Declining mortality from kidney cancer in Europe

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_63C5E2E6DA59
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Declining mortality from kidney cancer in Europe
Journal
Annals of Oncology
Author(s)
Levi  Fabio, Lucchini  Franca, Negri  Eva, La Vecchia  Carlo
ISSN
0923-7534
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2004
Volume
15
Number
7
Pages
1130-1135
Notes
Réf. IUMSP: R 04/58
SAPHIRID:44697
Abstract
Mortality rates from kidney cancer increased throughout Europe up until the late 1980s or early 1990s. Trends in western European countries, the European Union (EU) and selected central and eastern European countries have been updated using official death certification data for kidney cancer abstracted from the World Health Organisation (WHO) database over the period 1980-1999. In EU men, death rates increased from 3.92 per 100 000 (age standardised, world standard) in 1980-81 to 4.63 in 1994-95, and levelled off at 4.15 thereafter. In women, corresponding values were 1.86 in 1980-81, 2.04 in 1994-95 and 1.80 in 1998-99. Thus, the fall in kidney cancer mortality over the last 5 years was over 10% for both sexes in the EU. The largest falls were in countries with highest mortality in the early 1990s, such as Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. Kidney cancer rates levelled off, but remained very high, in the Czech Republic, Baltic countries, Hungary, Poland and other central European countries. Thus, in the late 1990s, a greater than three-fold difference in kidney cancer mortality was observed between the highest rates in the Czech Republic, the Baltic Republics and Hungary, and the lowest ones in Romania, Portugal and Greece. Tobacco smoking is the best recognised risk factor for kidney cancer, and the recent trends in men, mainly in western Europe, can be related to a reduced prevalence of smoking among men. Tobacco, however, cannot account for the recent trends registered in women. [Authors]
Keywords
Kidney Neoplasms
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
05/03/2008 15:57
Last modification date
25/09/2019 6:09
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