Acacia Plantation Development and the Configuration of Tree Farmers' Agricultural Assets and Land Management—A Survey in Central Vietnam

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_634894A3FCC1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Acacia Plantation Development and the Configuration of Tree Farmers' Agricultural Assets and Land Management—A Survey in Central Vietnam
Journal
Land
Author(s)
Cochard Roland, Vu Bien Thanh, Ngo Dung Tri
ISSN
2073-445X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
26/11/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
12
Pages
1304
Language
english
Abstract
Since 1990 acacia-based tree plantations have fast expanded in Vietnam, now supporting a multi-billion-dollar export-oriented wood industry which is transforming from woodchip production to value-added products. Within this dynamic context, tree farmer associations have started to produce sawlogs under FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certification. In this paper, we retrace the development of plantation assets, investigating farmers’ current livelihoods and land management, specifically considering various aspects of sustainability. We interviewed 180 tree farmers in three districts (lowland–upland regions) of Thừa Thiên Huế Province, including sawlog producers with and without FSC and smallholder producers of woodchips. Acacia planting in ‘barren lands’ was initiated through state programs in the 1990s (low-/midlands) and 2010s (uplands). Farmers now producing FSC sawlogs were among the first to gain forestland tenure; they now own large plantations (on good terrain), are in tune with policies and maintain resources/capacities to adopt management in line with FSC standards. Yet, most farmers also retain plots for easy-to-manage and low-risk woodchip production. Soil/vegetation conservation depends on farmers’ status/capacities and environmental awareness; FSC membership added economic-political benefits. Findings are discussed within a regional historic context. Plantations contribute to economic development, but issues persist/emerged in terms of land equity and environmental governance, risks (e.g., plant pathogens), and spaces/impetus for farm-based innovation and adaptiveness.
Keywords
Nature and Landscape Conservation, Ecology, Global and Planetary Change
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/12/2021 19:54
Last modification date
07/12/2021 7:10
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