Types of professionalization: understanding contemporary organizational designs of Swiss national sport federations

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State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Serval ID
serval:BIB_630CAC430F81
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Types of professionalization: understanding contemporary organizational designs of Swiss national sport federations
Journal
Sport, Business, Management: an International Journal
Author(s)
Lang Grazia, Schlesinger Torsten, Lamprecht Markus, Ruoranen Kaisa, Klenk Christoffer, Bayle Emmanuel, Clausen Josephine, Giauque David
Working group(s)
Nagel Siegfried
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
Published Online
Language
english
Abstract
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify types of professionalization in Swiss national sport
federations (NSFs) and analyze organizational characteristics associated with specific types of
professionalization. Such types reveal common patterns among the increasingly complex organizational
designs of NSFs and thus contribute to the understanding of professionalization in NSFs.
Design/methodology/approach – An online survey of all Swiss NSFs was conducted to identify types of
professionalization in these organizations using hierarchical cluster analysis, based on a multi-dimensional
framework of professionalization.
Findings – The analysis revealed four types of professionalization: formalized NSFs managed by paid staff,
NSFs managed by volunteers and a few paid staff off the field, NSFs with differing formalization and paid
staff on the field, and moderately formalized NSFs managed by volunteers. The types differ in terms of the
NSFs’ organizational characteristics, in particular, size, financial resources, Olympic status, and performance.
Originality/value – Applying factor and cluster analysis is a new approach to analyzing professionalization
in NSFs that makes uncovering distinctive organizational patterns among a large number of NSFs possible.
These results lay the foundation for understanding the professionalization of NSFs, counseling NSFs on their
organizational development, and conducting future research on the design types of sport organizations.
Keywords
Cluster analysis, Factor analysis, Design type, Organizational characteristics
Create date
02/05/2018 13:12
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:09
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