Development of the ability to inhibit a prepotent response: influence of working memory and processing speed.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_62709BB74B0B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Development of the ability to inhibit a prepotent response: influence of working memory and processing speed.
Journal
British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Author(s)
Urben S., Van der Linden M., Barisnikov K.
ISSN
0261-510X (Print)
ISSN-L
0261-510X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
29
Number
Pt 4
Pages
981-998
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This study aimed to examine developmental trends in response inhibition during childhood and to control for possible developmental influence of other basic cognitive processes (such as working memory and processing speed). In addition, we explored the relationships between response inhibition, working memory, and processing speed, as they are thought to be integral to cognitive control. Therefore, we assessed these three cognitive abilities in 159 children aged from 5 to 12. Results showed an improvement in response inhibition ability from 5 to 10 years of age. This improvement remained significant after controlling for the influence of working memory and processing speed. Furthermore, the developmental relationships showed an early differentiation between response inhibition, working memory, and processing speed. Thus, these processes were independent and need to be treated as such in further studies.
Keywords
Age Factors, Analysis of Variance, Child, Child Development/physiology, Child, Preschool, Cognition/physiology, Female, Humans, Inhibition (Psychology), Male, Memory, Short-Term/physiology, Mental Processes/physiology, Reaction Time/physiology, Task Performance and Analysis
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/10/2015 10:53
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:19
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