Characterization of the role of AKAP-Lbc/p38 complex in the hypertrophic response of the heart


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PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Characterization of the role of AKAP-Lbc/p38 complex in the hypertrophic response of the heart
Pérez Lopez I.
Diviani  D., Staub  O.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecineUniversité de LausanneUNIL - BugnonRue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111CH-1015 LausanneSUISSE
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In response to chronic stress the heart undergoes an adverse remodeling process associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, increased cellular apoptosis and fibrosis, which ultimately causes cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Increasing evidence suggest the role of scaffolding and anchoring proteins in coordinating different signaling pathways that mediate the hypertrophic response of the heart. In this context, the family of Α-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) emerged as important regulators of the cardiac function. During my thesis work I have conducted two independent projects, both of them aiming at elucidating the role of AKAPs in the heart.
It has been shown that AKAP-Lbc, an anchoring protein that possesses an intrinsic Rho- specific exchange factor activity, organizes a signaling complex that links AKAP-Lbc- dependent activation of RhoA with the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38. The first aim of my thesis was to study the role of this novel transduction pathway in the context of cardiac hypertrophy. Here we show that transgenic mice overexpressing in cardiomyocytes a competitor fragment of AKAP-Lbc, which specifically disrupts endogenous AKAP-Lbc / p38 complexes, developed early dilated cardiomyopathy in response to two weeks of transverse aortic constriction (TAC) as compared to controls. Interestingly, inhibition of the AKAP-Lbc / p38 transduction pathway significantly reduced the hypertrophic growth of single cardiomyocytes induced by pressure overload. Therefore, it appears that the AKAP- Lbc / p38 complex is crucially involved in the regulation of stress-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and that disruption of this signaling pathway is detrimental for the heart under conditions of sustained hemodynamic stress.
Secondly, in order to identify new AKAPs involved in the regulation of cardiac function, we followed a proteomic approach which allowed us to characterize AKAP2 as a major AKAP in the heart. Importantly, here we show that AKAP2 interacts with several proteins known to be involved in the control of gene transcription, such as the nuclear receptor coactivator 3 (NCoA3) or the ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex. Thus, we propose AKAP2 as a novel mediator of cardiac gene expression through its interaction with these transcriptional regulators.
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04/03/2013 17:37
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20/08/2019 14:19
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