The “when” and the “where” of single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance in young children: Insights into the development of episodic memory

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_60B5EA82645D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The “when” and the “where” of single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance in young children: Insights into the development of episodic memory
Journal
Developmental Psychobiology
Author(s)
Ribordy Lambert Farfalla, Lavenex Pierre, Banta Lavenex Pamela
ISSN
0012-1630 (Print)
1098-2302 (Electronic)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
10/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
59
Number
2
Pages
185–196
Language
english
Abstract
Allocentric spatial memory, “where” with respect to the surrounding environment, is one of the three fundamental components of episodic memory: what, where, when. Whereas basic allocentric spatial memory abilities are reliably observed in children after 2 years of age, coinciding with the offset of infantile amnesia, the resolution of allocentric spatial memory acquired over repeated trials improves from 2 to 4 years of age. Here, we first show that single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance improves in children from 3.5 to 7 years of age, during the typical period of childhood amnesia. Second, we show that large individual variation exists in children's performance at this age. Third, and most importantly, we show that improvements in single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance are due to an increasing ability to spatially and temporally separate locations and events. Such improvements in spatial and temporal processing abilities may contribute to the gradual offset of childhood amnesia.
Keywords
Developmental Biology, Developmental Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Developmental and Educational Psychology
Create date
07/12/2016 14:26
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:18
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