GENCODE: the reference human genome annotation for The ENCODE Project.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_60ACD7FC0F0C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
GENCODE: the reference human genome annotation for The ENCODE Project.
Journal
Genome Research
Author(s)
Harrow J., Frankish A., Gonzalez J.M., Tapanari E., Diekhans M., Kokocinski F., Aken B.L., Barrell D., Zadissa A., Searle S., Barnes I., Bignell A., Boychenko V., Hunt T., Kay M., Mukherjee G., Rajan J., Despacio-Reyes G., Saunders G., Steward C., Harte R., Lin M., Howald C., Tanzer A., Derrien T., Chrast J., Walters N., Balasubramanian S., Pei B., Tress M., Rodriguez J.M., Ezkurdia I., van Baren J., Brent M., Haussler D., Kellis M., Valencia A., Reymond A., Gerstein M., Guigó R., Hubbard T.J.
ISSN
1549-5469 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1088-9051
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Volume
22
Number
9
Pages
1760-1774
Language
english
Abstract
The GENCODE Consortium aims to identify all gene features in the human genome using a combination of computational analysis, manual annotation, and experimental validation. Since the first public release of this annotation data set, few new protein-coding loci have been added, yet the number of alternative splicing transcripts annotated has steadily increased. The GENCODE 7 release contains 20,687 protein-coding and 9640 long noncoding RNA loci and has 33,977 coding transcripts not represented in UCSC genes and RefSeq. It also has the most comprehensive annotation of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) loci publicly available with the predominant transcript form consisting of two exons. We have examined the completeness of the transcript annotation and found that 35% of transcriptional start sites are supported by CAGE clusters and 62% of protein-coding genes have annotated polyA sites. Over one-third of GENCODE protein-coding genes are supported by peptide hits derived from mass spectrometry spectra submitted to Peptide Atlas. New models derived from the Illumina Body Map 2.0 RNA-seq data identify 3689 new loci not currently in GENCODE, of which 3127 consist of two exon models indicating that they are possibly unannotated long noncoding loci. GENCODE 7 is publicly available from gencodegenes.org and via the Ensembl and UCSC Genome Browsers.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
19/12/2012 15:56
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:18
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