Agronomic assessment of the wheat semi-dwarfing gene Rht8 in contrasting nitrogen treatments and water regimes.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_60ABFF3ACC41
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Agronomic assessment of the wheat semi-dwarfing gene Rht8 in contrasting nitrogen treatments and water regimes.
Journal
Field Crops Research
Author(s)
Kowalski A.M., Gooding M., Ferrante A., Slafer G.A., Orford S., Gasperini D., Griffiths S.
ISSN
0378-4290 (Print)
ISSN-L
0378-4290
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
191
Pages
150-160
Language
english
Abstract
Reduced height 8 (Rht8) is the main alternative to the GA-insensitive Rht alleles in hot and dry environments where it reduces plant height without yield penalty. The potential of Rht8 in northern-European wheat breeding remains unclear, since the close linkage with the photoperiod-insensitive allele Ppd-D1a is unfavourable in the relatively cool summers. In the present study, two near-isogenic lines (NILs) contrasting for the Rht8/tall allele from Mara in a UK-adapted and photoperiod-sensitive wheat variety were evaluated in trials with varying nitrogen fertiliser (N) treatments and water regimes across sites in the UK and Spain. The Rht8 introgression was associated with a robust height reduction of 11% regardless of N treatment and water regime and the Rht8 NIL was more resistant to root-lodging at agronomically-relevant N levels than the tall NIL. In the UK with reduced solar radiation over the growing season than the site in Spain, the Rht8 NIL showed a 10% yield penalty at standard agronomic N levels due to concomitant reduction in grain number and spike number whereas grain weight and harvest index were not significantly different to the tall NIL. The yield penalty associated with the Rht8 introgression was overcome at low N and in irrigated conditions in the UK, and in the high-temperature site in Spain. Decreased spike length and constant spikelet number in the Rht8 NIL resulted in spike compaction of 15%, independent of N and water regime. The genetic interval of Rht8 overlaps with the compactum gene on 2DS, raising the possibility of the same causative gene. Further genetic dissection of these loci is required.
Keywords
Rht8, Compactum, Wheat, Plant height, Spike compaction, Yield components
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/06/2016 16:19
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:18
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