Development of a Secondary Prevention Smartphone App for Students With Unhealthy Alcohol Use: Results From a Qualitative Assessment.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_5F31CF232096
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Development of a Secondary Prevention Smartphone App for Students With Unhealthy Alcohol Use: Results From a Qualitative Assessment.
Journal
JMIR human factors
Author(s)
Bertholet N., Schmutz E., Cunningham J.A., McNeely J., Gmel G., Daeppen J.B., Grazioli V.S.
ISSN
2292-9495 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2292-9495
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/03/2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Pages
e41088
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Despite considerable efforts devoted to the development of prevention interventions aiming at reducing unhealthy alcohol use in tertiary students, their delivery remains often challenging. Interventions including information technology are promising given their potential to reach large parts of the population.
This study aims to develop a secondary prevention smartphone app with an iterative qualitative design involving the target population.
The app development process included testing a first prototype and a second prototype, developed based on the results of 2 consecutive qualitative assessments. Participants (aged ≥18 years, screened positive for unhealthy alcohol use) were students from 4 tertiary education institutions in the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Participants tested prototype 1 or prototype 2 or both and provided feedback in 1-to-1 semistructured interviews after 2-3 weeks of testing.
The mean age of the participants was 23.3 years. A total of 9 students (4/9 female) tested prototype 1 and participated in qualitative interviews. A total of 11 students (6/11 female) tested prototype 2 (6 who tested prototype 1 and 5 new) and participated in semistructured interviews. Content analysis identified 6 main themes: "General Acceptance of the App," "Importance of the Targeted and Relevant App Content," "Importance of Credibility," "Importance of the App Usability," "Importance of a Simple and Attractive Design," "Importance of Notifications to Ensure App Use over Time." Besides a general acceptance of the app, these themes reflected participants' recommendations toward increased usability; to improve the design; to include useful and rewarding contents; to make the app look serious and credible; and to add notifications to ensure its use over time. A total of 11 students tested prototype 2 (6 who tested prototype 1 and 5 new) and participated in semistructured interviews. The 6 same themes emerged from the analysis. Participants from phase 1 generally found the design and content of the app improved.
Students recommend prevention smartphone apps to be easy to use, useful, rewarding, serious, and credible. These findings may be important to consider when developing prevention smartphone apps to increase the likelihood of app use over time.
ISRCTN registry 10007691; https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN10007691.
RR2-10.1186/s13063-020-4145-2.
Keywords
alcohol, alcohol-related secondary prevention, app, mHealth, mobile app, mobile phone, qualitative, smartphone, tertiary students, university students
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
13/03/2023 9:20
Last modification date
28/07/2023 5:58
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