Effects of copy number variations on brain structure and risk for psychiatric illness: Large-scale studies from the ENIGMA working groups on CNVs.


Serval ID
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Effects of copy number variations on brain structure and risk for psychiatric illness: Large-scale studies from the ENIGMA working groups on CNVs.
Human brain mapping
Sønderby I.E., Ching CRK, Thomopoulos S.I., van der Meer D., Sun D., Villalon-Reina J.E., Agartz I., Amunts K., Arango C., Armstrong N.J., Ayesa-Arriola R., Bakker G., Bassett A.S., Boomsma D.I., Bülow R., Butcher N.J., Calhoun V.D., Caspers S., Chow EWC, Cichon S., Ciufolini S., Craig M.C., Crespo-Facorro B., Cunningham A.C., Dale A.M., Dazzan P., de Zubicaray G.I., Djurovic S., Doherty J.L., Donohoe G., Draganski B., Durdle C.A., Ehrlich S., Emanuel B.S., Espeseth T., Fisher S.E., Ge T., Glahn D.C., Grabe H.J., Gur R.E., Gutman B.A., Haavik J., Håberg A.K., Hansen L.A., Hashimoto R., Hibar D.P., Holmes A.J., Hottenga J.J., Hulshoff Pol H.E., Jalbrzikowski M., Knowles EEM, Kushan L., Linden DEJ, Liu J., Lundervold A.J., Martin-Brevet S., Martínez K., Mather K.A., Mathias S.R., McDonald-McGinn D.M., McRae A.F., Medland S.E., Moberget T., Modenato C., Monereo Sánchez J., Moreau C.A., Mühleisen T.W., Paus T., Pausova Z., Prieto C., Ragothaman A., Reinbold C.S., Reis Marques T., Repetto G.M., Reymond A., Roalf D.R., Rodriguez-Herreros B., Rucker J.J., Sachdev P.S., Schmitt J.E., Schofield P.R., Silva A.I., Stefansson H., Stein D.J., Tamnes C.K., Tordesillas-Gutiérrez D., Ulfarsson M.O., Vajdi A., van 't Ent D., van den Bree MBM, Vassos E., Vázquez-Bourgon J., Vila-Rodriguez F., Walters G.B., Wen W., Westlye L.T., Wittfeld K., Zackai E.H., Stefánsson K., Jacquemont S., Thompson P.M., Bearden C.E., Andreassen O.A.
Working group(s)
ENIGMA-CNV Working Group, ENIGMA 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Working Group
1097-0193 (Electronic)
Publication state
In Press
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: aheadofprint
The Enhancing NeuroImaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis copy number variant (ENIGMA-CNV) and 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Working Groups (22q-ENIGMA WGs) were created to gain insight into the involvement of genetic factors in human brain development and related cognitive, psychiatric and behavioral manifestations. To that end, the ENIGMA-CNV WG has collated CNV and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from ~49,000 individuals across 38 global research sites, yielding one of the largest studies to date on the effects of CNVs on brain structures in the general population. The 22q-ENIGMA WG includes 12 international research centers that assessed over 533 individuals with a confirmed 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, 40 with 22q11.2 duplications, and 333 typically developing controls, creating the largest-ever 22q11.2 CNV neuroimaging data set. In this review, we outline the ENIGMA infrastructure and procedures for multi-site analysis of CNVs and MRI data. So far, ENIGMA has identified effects of the 22q11.2, 16p11.2 distal, 15q11.2, and 1q21.1 distal CNVs on subcortical and cortical brain structures. Each CNV is associated with differences in cognitive, neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric traits, with characteristic patterns of brain structural abnormalities. Evidence of gene-dosage effects on distinct brain regions also emerged, providing further insight into genotype-phenotype relationships. Taken together, these results offer a more comprehensive picture of molecular mechanisms involved in typical and atypical brain development. This "genotype-first" approach also contributes to our understanding of the etiopathogenesis of brain disorders. Finally, we outline future directions to better understand effects of CNVs on brain structure and behavior.
brain structural imaging, copy number variant, diffusion tensor imaging, evolution, genetics-first approach, neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders
Web of science
Open Access
Create date
01/03/2021 12:14
Last modification date
13/03/2021 6:22
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