Emotion-related impulsivity moderates the cognitive interference effect of smartphone availability on working memory

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_5EA933A9530D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Emotion-related impulsivity moderates the cognitive interference effect of smartphone availability on working memory
Journal
Scientific Reports
Author(s)
Canale Natale, Vieno Alessio, Doro Mattia, Rosa Mineo Erika, Marino Claudia, Billieux Joël
ISSN
2045-2322
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
1
Language
english
Abstract
Although recent studies suggest that the mere presence of a smartphone might negatively impact
on working memory capacity, fluid intelligence, and attentional processes, less is known about the
individual differences that are liable to moderate this cognitive interference effect. This study tested
whether individual differences in emotion-related impulsivity traits (positive urgency and negative
urgency) moderate the effect of smartphone availability on cognitive performance. We designed
an experiment in which 132 college students (age 18–25 years) completed a laboratory task that
assessed visual working memory capacity in three different conditions: two conditions differing in
terms of smartphone availability (smartphone turned off and visible, smartphone in silent mode and
visible) and a condition in which the smartphone was not available and was replaced by a calculator
(control condition). Participants also completed self-reports that assessed their thoughts after the
task performance, positive/negative urgency, and problematic smartphone use. The results showed
that participants with higher positive urgency presented increased cognitive interference (reflected by
poorer task performance) in the “silent-mode smartphone” condition compared with participants in
the “turned-off smartphone” condition. The present study provides new insights into the psychological
factors that explain how smartphone availability is liable to interfere with high-level cognitive
processes.
Keywords
Mobile Phone, Cognitive Interference, Impulsivity, Urgency
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/01/2020 10:30
Last modification date
17/01/2020 7:18
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