The Four Different Types of Internal Hernia Occurring After Laparascopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Performed for Morbid Obesity: Are There Any Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) Features Permitting Their Distinction?

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_5D662FB7C688
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Four Different Types of Internal Hernia Occurring After Laparascopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Performed for Morbid Obesity: Are There Any Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) Features Permitting Their Distinction?
Journal
Obesity Surgery
Author(s)
Kawkabani Marchini A., Denys A., Paroz A., Romy S., Suter M., Desmartines N., Meuli R., Schmidt S.
ISSN
0960-8923
ISSN-L
1708-0428 (Electronic)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Volume
21
Number
4
Pages
506-516
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Four different types of internal hernias (IH) are known to occur after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) performed for morbid obesity. We evaluate multidetector row helical computed tomography (MDCT) features for their differentiation. METHODS: From a prospectively collected database including 349 patients with LRYGBP, 34 acutely symptomatic patients (28 women, mean age 32.6), operated on for IH immediately after undergoing MDCT, were selected. Surgery confirmed 4 (11.6%) patients with transmesocolic, 10 (29.4%) with Petersen's, 15 (44.2%) with mesojejunal, and 5 (14.8%) with jejunojejunal IH. In consensus, 2 radiologists analyzed 13 MDCT features to distinguish the four types of IH. Statistical significance was calculated (p < 0.05, Fisher's exact test, chi-square test). RESULTS: MDCT features of small bowel obstruction (SBO) (n = 25, 73.5%), volvulus (n = 22, 64.7%), or a cluster of small bowel loops (SBL) (n = 27, 79.4%) were inconsistently present and overlapped between the four IH. The following features allowed for IH differentiation: left upper quadrant clustered small bowel loops (p < 0.0001) and a mesocolic hernial orifice (p = 0.0003) suggested transmesocolic IH. SBL abutting onto the left abdominal wall (p = 0.0021) and left abdominal shift of the superior mesenteric vessels (SMV) (p = 0.0045) suggested Petersen's hernia. The SMV predominantly shifted towards the right anterior abdominal wall in mesojejunal hernia (p = 0.0033). Location of the hernial orifice near the distal anastomosis (p = 0.0431) and jejunojejunal suture widening (p = 0.0005) indicated jejunojejunal hernia. CONCLUSIONS: None of the four IH seems associated with a higher risk of SBO. Certain MDCT features, such as the position of clustered SBL and hernial orifice, help distinguish between the four IH and may permit straightforward surgery.
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
24/02/2011 11:17
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:18
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