Relationship between imatinib population pharmacokinetics and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Relationship between imatinib population pharmacokinetics and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein
Title of the conference
74e Assemblée annuelle de la Société Suisse de Médecine Interne (SSMI)
Widmer N., Decosterd L.A., Csajka C., Leyvraz S., Duchosal M.A., Rosselet A., Rochat B., Eap C.B., Henry H., Biollaz J., Buclin T.
Lausanne, Suisse, 10-12 mai 2006
Publication state
Issued date
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Objectives: Considering the large inter-individual differences in the function of the systems involved in imatinib disposition, exposure to this drug can be expected to vary widely among patients. Among those known systems is alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a circulating protein that strongly binds imatinib. This observational study aimed to explore the influence of plasma AGP on imatinib pharmacokinetics.
Methods: A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed using NONMEM based on 278 plasma samples from 51 oncologic patients, for whom both total imatinib and AGP plasma concentrations were measured. The influence of this biological covariate on oral clearance and volume of distribution was examined.
Results: A one-compartment model with first-order absorption appropriately described the data. A hyperbolic relationship between plasma AGP levels and oral clearance, as well as volume of distribution was observed. A mechanistic approach was built up, postulating that only the unbound imatinib concentration was able to undergo first-order elimination through an unbound clearance process, and integrating the dissociation constant as a parameter in the model. This approach allowed determining an average (± SEM) free clearance of 1310 (± 172) L/h and a volume of distribution of 301 (± 23) L. By comparison, the total clearance previously determined was 14 (± 1) L/h. Free clearance was affected by body weight and pathology diagnosis. Moreover, this model provided consistent estimates of the association constant between imatinib and AGP (5.5?106 L/mol) and of the average in vivo free fraction of imatinib (1.1%). The variability observed (17% for free clearance and 66% for volume of distribution) was less than the one previously reported without considering AGP impact. AGP explained indeed about one half of the variability observed in total imatinib disposition.
Conclusion: Such findings clarify in part the in vivo impact of protein binding on imatinib disposition and might raise again the question whether high levels of AGP could represent a resistance factor to imatinib. This remains however questionable, as it is not expected to affect free drug concentrations. On the other hand, would imatinib be demonstrated as a drug requiring therapeutic drug monitoring, either the measurement of free concentration or the correction of the total concentration by the actual AGP plasma levels should be considered for accurate interpretation of the results.
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01/12/2010 10:57
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20/08/2019 15:15
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