Hospital Length of Stay Reduction Over Time and Patient Readmission for Severe Adverse Events Following Surgery.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_5C4498A55C25
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Hospital Length of Stay Reduction Over Time and Patient Readmission for Severe Adverse Events Following Surgery.
Journal
Annals of surgery
Author(s)
Pascal L., Polazzi S., Piriou V., Cotte E., Wegrzyn J., Carty M.J., Chollet F., Sanchez S., Lifante J.C., Duclos A.
ISSN
1528-1140 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-4932
Publication state
Published
Issued date
19/01/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate whether patients who undergo surgery in hospitals experiencing significant length of stay (LOS) reductions over time are exposed to a higher risk of severe adverse events in the postoperative period.
Surgical care innovation has encouraged hospitals to shorten LOS under financial pressures with uncertain impact on patient outcomes.
We selected all patients who underwent elective colectomy or urgent hip fracture repair in French hospitals between 2013 and 2016. For each procedure, hospitals were categorized into 3 groups according to variations in their median LOS as follows: major decrease, moderate decrease, and no decrease. These groups were matched using propensity scores based on patients' and hospitals' potential confounders. Potentially avoidable readmission for severe adverse events and death at 6 months were compared between groups using Cox regressions.
We considered 98,713 patients in 540 hospitals for colectomy and 206,812 patients in 414 hospitals for hip fracture repair before matching. After colectomy, patient outcomes were not negatively impacted when hospitals reduced their LOS [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 0.93 (0.78-1.10)]. After hip fracture repair, patients in hospitals with major decreases in LOS had a higher risk of severe adverse events [1.22 (1.11-1.34)] and death [1.17 (1.04-1.32)].
Patients who underwent surgical procedures in hospitals experiencing major decreases in LOS were demonstrated worse postoperative outcomes after urgent hip fracture repair and not after elective colectomy. Development of care bundles to enhance recovery after emergency surgeries may allow better control of LOS reduction and patient outcomes.
Pubmed
Create date
17/01/2020 9:00
Last modification date
02/05/2020 18:23
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