Determination of Death: A Discussion on Responsible Scholarship, Clinical Practices, and Public Engagement.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_5AE7B7942FF9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Determination of Death: A Discussion on Responsible Scholarship, Clinical Practices, and Public Engagement.
Journal
Perspectives in biology and medicine
Author(s)
Racine E., Jox R.J., Bernat J.L., Dabrock P., Gardiner D., Marckmann G., Rid A., Rodriguez-Arias D., Schmitten R.I., Schöne-Seifert B.
ISSN
1529-8795 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0031-5982
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
58
Number
4
Pages
444-465
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The concept and determination of death by neurological or cardio-circulatory criteria play a crucial role for medical practice, society, and the law. Academic debates on death determination have regained momentum, and recent cases involving the neurological determination of death ("brain death") in the United States have sparked sustained public debate. The determination of death by neurological criterion (irreversible cessation of the whole brain or of the brain stem) is medically practiced in at least 80 countries. However, academic debates persist about the conceptual and scientific validity of death determined by neurological criterion. The cardio-circulatory criterion, which permits organ donation following cardio-circulatory arrest, has also recently been challenged. Given the presence of academic debates, several questions ensue about the responsible conduct of clinicians and scholars involved in clinical practices and academic research. This article identifies tension points for responsible practices in the domains of scholarship, clinical practice, and public discourse and formulates suggestions to stimulate further dialogue on responsible practices and to identify questions in need of further research.

Keywords
Biomedical Research/ethics, Brain Death/physiopathology, Death, Ethics, Medical, Humans, Philosophy, Medical, Public Opinion, Tissue and Organ Procurement/ethics, United States
Pubmed
Create date
14/07/2017 10:09
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:13
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