Mid- and long-term outcome of Salter's, Pemberton's and Dega's osteotomy for treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_58FCE3A21987
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Mid- and long-term outcome of Salter's, Pemberton's and Dega's osteotomy for treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Journal
Hip international
Author(s)
Merckaert S.R., Zambelli P.Y., Edd S.N., Daniele S., Brigitte J.
ISSN
1724-6067 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1120-7000
Publication state
Published
Issued date
17/07/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1120700020942866
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Early diagnosis and early treatment have become the gold standard for management of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Surgery is required in case of failed initial treatment. Innominate pelvic osteotomy of Salter (SIO), Pemberton's pericapsular osteotomy (PPO) and Dega's acetabuloplasty (DA) are among the most used procedures.We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the past 57 years in order to assess the mid- and long-term outcome of these techniques.
Studies met inclusion criteria if they: (1) reported at least 5 cases treated by 1 of the abovementioned surgical techniques; (2) included children aged between 1 and 8 years; (3) surgical indication was late detected DDH or a failed initial treatment; (4) presented a minimal follow-up of 24 months; (5) reported the radiological score of Severin and/or the clinical score of McKay.Clinical and radiological outcomes were dichotomised into favourable and unfavourable outcome and weighted summary rates were determined using meta-analysis models.
From a total of 7391 articles, 48 level of evidence grade IV articles were included in our review. A total of 2143 cases with a mean follow up of 112.4 months were included.Pooled Severin score indicated a statistically better outcome for PPO and DA compared to SIO (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.002, respectively). By dichotomising the results in favourable and unfavourable outcome, PPO showed the best results (p = 0.0002 vs. SIO, p = 0.01 vs. DA).Pooled McKay score showed a statistically better outcome for PPO and DA compared to SIO (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.03, respectively) as well as better outcomes for PPO compared to DA (p = 0.01). By dichotomising the results in favourable and unfavourable, PPO showed the best results.
Even if our review demonstrates slightly better radiological and clinical results with the PPO, the currently available and limited data do not allow for clear recommendation towards one of these techniques.
Keywords
Acetabuloplasty, DDH, Dega, Pemberton, Salter, pelvic osteotomy, resiudal hip dysplasia
Pubmed
Create date
24/07/2020 14:18
Last modification date
15/10/2020 10:53
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