Bilateral upper eyelid swelling (Hoagland sign) in Epstein-Barr infectious mononucleosis: prospective experience.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_5656A5144202
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Bilateral upper eyelid swelling (Hoagland sign) in Epstein-Barr infectious mononucleosis: prospective experience.
Journal
Infection
Author(s)
Bronz G., Zanetti BPESM, Bianchetti M.G., Milani G.P., Lava SAG, Neuhaus T.J., Witschi A., Kottanattu L.
ISSN
1439-0973 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0300-8126
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
51
Number
2
Pages
471-474
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The typical presentation of Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis includes fever, pharyngitis, measles-like rash, jaundice, and enlarged lymph nodes, liver, or spleen. A painless bilateral swelling of the upper eyelid, sometimes with drooping of the lateral aspect, may also occur. This sign, referred to as Hoagland sign, is not or only marginally mentioned in reviews and textbooks.
Between 2019 and 2021, two of us evaluated all subjects with a positive acute Epstein-Barr virus serology for the typical signs of mononucleosis and for the possible existence of the Hoagland sign.
During the mentioned period, the diagnosis of mononucleosis was made in 26 (14 females and 12 males) subjects aged from 9.0 to 33 years. The initial presentation included fever in 24, enlarged cervical lymph nodes in 23, pharyngitis in 21, a palpable liver in 7, a palpable spleen in 7, jaundice in 2, and a measles-like rash in 2 cases. The Hoagland sign was noted in 14 cases. Patients with and without Hoagland sign did not significantly differ with respect to age and sex.
The Hoagland sign is an easily identifiable clinical sign that is common and likely helpful early in the course of Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis. There is a need to expand awareness of this sign among physicians.
Keywords
Male, Female, Humans, Child, Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult, Infectious Mononucleosis/diagnosis, Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis, Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology, Prospective Studies, Herpesvirus 4, Human, Jaundice, Fever, Eyelids/pathology, Pharyngitis, Measles, Epstein–Barr infectious mononucleosis, Hoagland sign, Upper eyelid edema, Upper eyelid swelling
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/10/2022 12:25
Last modification date
21/11/2023 7:09
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