Répartition du tissu adipeux: implications cliniques [Localization of adipose tissue: clinical implications]

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_54196CB367C2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Répartition du tissu adipeux: implications cliniques [Localization of adipose tissue: clinical implications]
Journal
Revue Médicale Suisse
Author(s)
Leyvraz C., Verdumo C., Giusti V.
ISSN
1660-9379
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Volume
4
Number
151
Pages
844-847
Language
french
Abstract
The excessive accumulation of the adipose tissue is at the origin of the obesity. However its severity has no direct correlation with the comorbidities. These last ones are rather linked to the type of distribution of the fat than to its total quantity. The morphological and functional analysis of the adipose tissue reveals specific differences in its localization. The adipose tissue is thus a complex organ constituted by several cell types having various capacities of hypertrophy, hyperplasia and differentiation. While the first one is more predominant in the subcutaneous compartment, where the cell size is big, the others are more specific of the visceral adipocytes. Finally the severity of the obesity is linked to hypertrophy, while the comorbidities are associated with the capacity of proliferation and differentiation.
Keywords
Adipose Tissue/metabolism, Adipose Tissue/pathology, Adult, Body Mass Index, Humans, Middle Aged, Obesity/metabolism, Obesity/pathology
Pubmed
Create date
02/10/2009 17:45
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:09
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