Epilepsy and Neurosurgery: Historical Highlights.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_51A74C8EC0BA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Epilepsy and Neurosurgery: Historical Highlights.
Journal
Current pharmaceutical design
Author(s)
Karamanou M., Tsoucalas G., Themistocleous M., Giakoumettis D., Stranjalis G., Androutsos G.
ISSN
1873-4286 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1381-6128
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Number
42
Pages
6373-6375
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Epilepsy has been known since antiquity and trepanation has been documented as a therapeutic option. The Greek born physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia (2nd century BC) was the first to recommend trepanation for the treatment of refractory epilepsy to drugs, pointing out the efficacy of the method (Fig. 1). Trepanation was practiced throughout the Middle Ages, as it is proved by the book of "Quattuor Magistri" and during Renaissance as well. In 19th century, Sir Victor Alexander Horsley (1857-1916), combining analysis of clinical presentation with cortical stimulation, performed a series of craniotomies for the treatment of epilepsy Fig. 2. In the following years the advent of electrophysiology and neurosurgery provided a fertile ground for further progress in epilepsy surgery such as the preoperative use of electroencephalography (EEG) to determine the epileptogenic zone by Otfrid Foerster (1873-1941); the research of Wilder Graves Penfield (1891-1976) in Montreal Neurological Institute and the use of stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) by the neurosurgeon Jean Talairach (1911-2007) and the neurologist Jean Bancaud (1921-1994)) Fig. 3. Nowadays, epilepsy surgery remains a valuable therapeutic option in cases of drug resistant epilepsy.

Keywords
Wilder Graves Penfield, epilepsy, history of neurosurgery, trepanation, History of neurosurgery, Renaissance, electroencephalography (EEG)., wilder graves penfield
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
09/11/2017 19:45
Last modification date
03/11/2018 7:15
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