Burr-Hole Evacuation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Biophysically and Evidence-Based Technique Improvement.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_515F97F90288
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Burr-Hole Evacuation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Biophysically and Evidence-Based Technique Improvement.
Journal
Journal of neurosciences in rural practice
Author(s)
Májovský M., Netuka D., Beneš V., Kučera P.
ISSN
0976-3147 (Print)
ISSN-L
0976-3155
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
1
Pages
113-118
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurosurgical conditions. Despite ongoing efforts, recurrence and reoperation rates after surgical treatment remain high. We synthesize scientific evidence on the treatment of CSDH with biophysical principles and then propose a simple and effective surgical technique aiming to reduce the recurrence rate. Under local anesthesia, one burr hole is placed in the area above the maximum hematoma thickness. One drain is inserted into the dorsal direction to the deepest point of the hematoma cavity, and a second drain is inserted frontally into the highest point. Next, saline is gently instilled to the dorsal drain to eliminate air from the hematoma cavity through the frontal drain. Once saline has filled the frontal drain, the frontal drain is removed. The dorsal drain is left in situ for 48 h, and the pressure within the cavity may be adapted hydrostatically. We implemented evidence-based conclusions of previous studies and modified the classical burr-hole technique to reduce the recurrence rate. As a result, we developed a straightforward surgical procedure that is possible to perform under local anesthesia, suitable for everyday practice in rural and remote areas while working with limited resources. The novelty of this technique is in the purposeful reduction of postoperative pneumocephalus, a known independent factor of recurrence. Subdural air is eliminated during surgery using a two-drain system. Safety and efficacy of the technique need to be evaluated in future clinical trials.
Keywords
Chronic subdural hematoma, evidence-based medicine, head trauma, neurosurgery, pneumocephalus
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
31/03/2019 15:28
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:36
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