Delay for admission of unstable hospitalized patients to intensive care unit: a need for a medical emergency team?


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Delay for admission of unstable hospitalized patients to intensive care unit: a need for a medical emergency team?
Title of the conference
23rd Annual Meeting of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
Pagani J.L., Revelly J.P., Eggimann P., Jolliet P., Schaller M.D.
Barcelona, Spain, October 9-13, 2010
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Issued date
Intensive Care Medicine
Meeting Abstract
INTRODUCTION. Patients admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) from general wards are more severe and have a higher mortality than those admitted from emergency department as reported [1]. The majority of them develop signs of instability (e.g. tachypnea, tachycardia, hypotension, decreased oxygen saturation and change in conscious state) several hours before ICU admission. Considering this fact and that in-hospital cardiac arrests and unexpected deaths are usually preceded by warning signs, immediate on site intervention by specialists may be effective. This gave an impulse to medical emergency team (MET) implementation, which has been shown to decrease cardiac arrest, morbidity and mortality in several hospitals.
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS. In order to verify if the same was true in our hospital and to determine if there was a need for MET, we prospectively collected all non elective ICU admissions of already hospitalized patients (general wards) and of patients remaining more than 3 h in emergency department (considered hospitalized). Instability criteria leading to MET call correspond to those described in the literature. The delay between the development of one criterion and ICU admission was registered.
RESULTS. During an observation period of 12 months, 321 patients with our MET criteria were admitted to ICU. 88 patients came from the emergency department, 115 from the surgical and 113 from the medical ward. 65% were male. The median age was 65 years (range 17-89). The delay fromMETcriteria development to ICU admission was higher than 8 h in 155 patients, with a median delay of 32 h and a range of 8.4 h to 10 days. For the remaining 166 patients, an early MET criterion was present up to 8 h (median delay 3 h) before ICU admission. These results are quite concordant with the data reported in the literature (ref 1-8). 122 patients presented signs of sepsis or septic shock, 70 patients a respiratory failure, 58 patients a cardiac emergency. Cardiac arrest represent 5% of our collective of patients.
CONCLUSIONS.Similar to others observations, the majority of hospitalized patients admitted on emergency basis in our ICU have warning signs lasting for several hours. More than half of them were unstable for more than 8 h. This shows there is plenty of time for early acute management by dedicated and specialized team such as MET. However, further studies are required to determine if MET implementation can reduce in-hospital cardiac arrests and influence the morbidity, the length of stay and the mortality.
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11/11/2010 16:32
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20/08/2019 15:06
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