Kinship structures create persistent channels for language transmission.

Details

Ressource 1Download: 29158378_BIB_50291FE1868B.pdf (1356.46 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_50291FE1868B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Kinship structures create persistent channels for language transmission.
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Author(s)
Lansing J.S., Abundo C., Jacobs G.S., Guillot E.G., Thurner S., Downey S.S., Chew L.Y., Bhattacharya T., Chung N.N., Sudoyo H., Cox M.P.
ISSN
1091-6490 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0027-8424
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/12/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
114
Number
49
Pages
12910-12915
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Languages are transmitted through channels created by kinship systems. Given sufficient time, these kinship channels can change the genetic and linguistic structure of populations. In traditional societies of eastern Indonesia, finely resolved cophylogenies of languages and genes reveal persistent movements between stable speech communities facilitated by kinship rules. When multiple languages are present in a region and postmarital residence rules encourage sustained directional movement between speech communities, then languages should be channeled along uniparental lines. We find strong evidence for this pattern in 982 individuals from 25 villages on two adjacent islands, where different kinship rules have been followed. Core groups of close relatives have stayed together for generations, while remaining in contact with, and marrying into, surrounding groups. Over time, these kinship systems shaped their gene and language phylogenies: Consistently following a postmarital residence rule turned social communities into speech communities.
Keywords
DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics, Family, Female, Genetic Variation, Human Migration, Humans, Indonesia, Islands, Language, Linguistics, Male, Phylogeny, Sequence Analysis, DNA, coevolution, cultural evolution, kinship, language, population genetics
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
12/12/2017 15:20
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:06
Usage data