The role of C-Jun N-terminal kinase in a mouse model of intracerebral hemorrhage


Serval ID
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
The role of C-Jun N-terminal kinase in a mouse model of intracerebral hemorrhage
Title of the conference
24th International Symposium on Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism/9th International Conference on Quantification of Brain Function with PET
Michel-Monigadon D., Mottier V., Bonny C., Hirt L.
Chicago, Illinois, June 29-July 03, 2009
Publication state
Issued date
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Meeting Abstract
Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a subtype of stroke characterized by a haematoma within the brain parenchyma resulting from blood vessel rupture and with a poor outcome. In ICH, the blood entry into the brain triggers toxicity resulting in a substantial loss of neurons and an inflammatory response. At the same time, blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption increases water content (edema) leading to growing intracranial pressure, which in turn worsens neurological outcome. Although the clinical presentation is similar in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, the treatment is different and the stroke type needs to be determined beforehand by imaging which delays the therapy. C-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are a family of kinases activated in response to stress stimuli and involved in several pathways such as apoptosis. Specific inhibition of JNK by a TAT-coupled peptide (XG-102) mediates strong neuroprotection in several models of ischemic stroke in rodents. Recently, we have observed that the JNK pathway is also activated in a mouse model of ICH, raising the question of the efficacy of XG-102 in this model.
Method: ICH was induced in the mouse by intrastriatal injection of bacterial collagenase (0,1 U). Three hours after surgery, animals received an intravenous injection of 100 mg/kg of XG-102. The neurological outcome was assessed everyday until sacrifice using a score (from 0 to 9) based on 3 behavioral tests performed daily until sacrifice. Then, mice were sacrificed at 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 5d after ICH and histological studies performed.
Results: The first 24 h after surgery are critical in our ICH mice model, and we have observed that XG-102 significantly improves neurological outcome at this time point (mean score: 1,8 + 1.4 for treated group versus 3,4+ 1.8 for control group, P<0.01). Analysis of the lesion volume revealed a significant decrease of the lesion area in the treated group at 48h (29+ 11mm3 in the treated group versus 39+ 5mm3 in the control group, P=0.04). XG-102 mainly inhibits the edema component of the lesion. Indeed, a significant inhibition Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2009) 29, S490-S493 & 2009 ISCBFM All rights reserved 0271-678X/09 $32.00 of the brain swelling was observed in treated animals at 48h (14%+ 13% versus 26+ 9% in the control group, P=0.04) and 5d (_0.3%+ 4.5%versus 5.1+ 3.6%in the control group, P=0.01).
Conclusions: Inhibition of the JNK pathway by XG- 102 appears to lead to several beneficial effects. We can show here a significant inhibition of the cerebral edema in the ICH model providing a further beneficial effect of the XG-102 treatment, in addition to the neuroprotection previously described in the ischemic model. This result is of interest because currently, clinical treatment for brain edema is limited. Importantly, the beneficial effects observed with XG-102 in models of both stroke types open the possibility to rapidly treat stroke patients before identifying the stroke subtype by imaging. This will save time which is precious for stroke outcome.
Web of science
Create date
09/12/2009 10:16
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:05
Usage data